2012 June UGC NET Examination in Comparative Study of Religions, Paper III: Previous Years Solved Question Paper Along With Answer Keys

1. Which is a correct order?
(A) Polytheism, Naturalism, Monotheism
(B) Naturalism, Polytheism, Monotheism
(C) Monotheism, Naturalism, Polytheism
(D) None of these
Answer: (B)

2. Book “Elementary Forms of Religious Life” was written by
(A) Max Weber
(B) E.B. Tylor
(C) Emile Durkheim
(D) Mircea Eliade
Answer: (C)

3. Religions of Sematic tradition, believe in
(A) One God
(B) Many Gods
(C) Atman
(D) Brahma
Answer: (A)

4. Which is a correct match?
(A) Animism – E.B. Tylor, Magic – J.G. Frazen, Totem – E. Durkheim
(B) Animism – E.B. Tylor, Magic – E. Durkheim, Totem – J.G. Frazen
(C) Magic – E.B. Tylor, Animism – E. Durkheim, Totem – J.G. Frazen
(D) None of these
Answer: (A)

5. Substantial definitions of religion deal with
(A) Functions of religion
(B) Structure of religion
(C) Structure and functions of religion
(D) Essence of religion
Answer: (D)

6. Book “The Golden Bough” was written by
(A) E.B. Tylor
(B) Paul Tillich
(C) Sigmund Freud
(D) James George Frazen
Answer: (D)

7. The concept of ‘Sacred’ is first used by
(A) Emile Durkheim
(B) Mircea Eliade
(C) E.B. Tylor
(D) Paul Ricoeur
Answer: (A)

8. Find incorrect statement.
(A) Hermeneutics is an art of interpretation.
(B) Hermeneutics is a science of interpretation.
(C) Hermeneutics is a theory of interpretation.
(D) Hermeneutics is a branch of linguistic.
Answer: (D)

Read the passage and answer the questions 9 to 12 on the base of your understanding of the passage:
In the contemporary period, two dramatically opposed schools of thought, scientific materialism and religious thought, agree on one key point: that religion and science are in total conflict. Let us sketch the basic position of each of these schools and learn why they agree on this point. Scientific materialism makes the epistemological assumption that the empirical method of science is the only reliable procedure for obtaining knowledge and the metaphysical assumption that physical stuff (i.e., matter and energy) is the ultimate reality of the universe. Auxiliary assumptions that complete the view of scientific materialism include the claim that only the entities studied by science are real and the claim that only science can reveal what is real. After all, science allegedly works from publicly observable, reproducible data that are taken to confirm and disconfirm its theories. Hence, science is said to be properly objective. Religious beliefs, by contrast, are not as readily connected to such data as scientific theories and thus are said to be subjective, parochial, and uncritical.

9. Scientific approach and religious approaches are opposite to each other.
(A) Statement is correct.
(B) Statement is not correct.
(C) Statement is neither correct nor incorrect.
(D) Statement is not based on the para.
Answer: (A)

10. Epistemology deals with
(A) Faith
(B) Matter
(C) Organ
(D) Knowledge

Answer: (D)

11. Religious experience is
(A) Empirical
(B) Experimental
(C) Objective
(D) Personal
Answer: (D)

12. Rational approach is must to understand the religious beliefs.
(A) Statement is true.
(B) Statement is false.
(C) Statement is neither true nor false.
(D) Statement is an assumption.
Answer: (B)

13. Which is a correct match?
List – I                                    List – II
(a) Christianity                        (i) Guru Nanak
(b) Islam                                  (ii) Jesus Christ
(c) Judaism                              (iii) Muhammad
(d) Sikhism                              (iv) Abraham
       (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(B) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(C) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(D) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)
Answer: (C)

14. Phenomenology of religion deals withwww.netugc.in
(A) Evolution of religion
(B) Structure of religion
(C) Functions of religion
(D) Essence of religion
Answer: (D)

15. An interfaith dialogue does not create
(A) Religious peace
(B) Religious harmony
(C) Religious conflict
(D) Religious co-existence
Answer: (C)

16. The number of the Vedas is
(A) Four
(B) Three
(C) Six
(D) Eight
Answer: (A)

17. Following two Brahmana-Scriptures are related to Yajurveda Samhita :
(A) Satpatha Brahma a and Gopath Brahma a
(B) Aitariya Brahma a and Taitiriya Brahma
(C) Sankhayana Brahma a and Tandya Brahma a
(D) Satpatha Brahma a and Taitiriya Brahma a
Answer: (D)

18. The concept of ‘Satkaryavada’ is closely related to
(A) Sankhya
(B) Yoga
(C) Mimansa
(D) Vedanta
Answer: (A)

19. The theme of ~J nan, Karm, Bhakti to salvation, is very popular in
(A) Saktism
(B) Vai avism
(C) Saivism
(D) Buddhism
Answer: (B)

20. One of the following is correct, identify:
(A) Mahabharata is an epic scripture.
(B) Mahabharata is a poetry.
(C) Mahabharata is a Vedanga.
(D) Mahabharata is upani ad.

Answer: (A)

21. The author of the original Sanskrit Ramaya a is
(A) Valmiki
(B) Kalidasa
(C) Tulasidasa
(D) Bharavi
Answer: (A)

22. Following one is strong opponent of Idol worship.
(A) Mirabai
(B) Kabiradasa
(C) Tulasidasa
(D) Ballabhacharya
Answer: (B)

23. Ramanand, the preacher of equalism and liberal bhakti cult, was belonged to
(A) Saranatha
(B) Allahabada
(C) Vara asi
(D) Haridwar
Answer: (C)

24. Inspired by Vedas the widow’s re-marriage movement was started by
(A) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(B) Kesavachandra Sen
(C) Iswar Chandra Vidya Sagar
(D) Annie Besant
Answer: (A)

25. Raja Ram Mohan Rai was the first harbinger who abolished the evil custom of
(A) Sati Pratha
(B) Idol Worship
(C) Child Marriage
(D) Untouchability
Answer: (A)

26. The original language of the teachings of Lord Mahaveera is
(A) Pali
(B) Apabhramsa
(C) Ardhamagdhi Prakrit
(D) Sanskrit
Answer: (C)

27. The word ‘Jina’ in Jainism literally means
(A) Victor of Women
(B) Victor of Passions
(C) Victor of Games
(D) Victor of Countries
Answer: (B)

28. This sect of Jainism does not accepts the thought related to the salvation of women in the same birth
(A) Sthanakavasi
(B) Swetambar Murtipujak
(C) Digambar
(D) Terapanthi Swetambar
Answer: (C)

29. Acarya Kundakunda belongs to this period
(A) 3rd Century A.D.
(B) Sixth Century A.D.
(C) 1st Century A.D.
(D) 10th Century A.D.
Answer: (C)

30. The following text belongs to Acarya Kundakunda :
(A) Pravacanasara
(B) Acarangasutra
(C) Tattavarthasutra
(D) Bhagawati Aradhana

Answer: (A)

31. Supreme Knowledge is known in Jainism as
(A) Shruta
(B) Kevalaj~nana
(C) Veetaragi
(D) Syadavadi
Answer: (B)

32. The other name of ‘Syadvada’ is
(A) Panchayama
(B) Anekantavada
(C) Triratna
(D) Saptabhangi
Answer: (D)

33. The practice of giving four kinds of charity in Jainism is associated with
(A) Caste protection act
(B) Temple protection activity
(C) Political impact activity
(D) Social and religious service
Answer: (D)

34. The famous statute of Bahubali is situated at
(A) Khajuraho
(B) Mount Abu
(C) Ajanta
(D) Shravanabelagola
Answer: (D)

35. Match the items in List – I with those in the List – II and:www.netugc.in
List – I                                    List – II
(i) Mahavira                             (a) Samaraiccakaha
(ii) Sutrakritanga                     (b) Substance
(iii) Haribhadrasuri                  (c) Ardhamagdhi
(iv) Adharma                           (d) Trishila
Select the correct code answer:
(A) (iii) – (c)
(B) (iv) – (b)
(C) (i) – (a)
(D) (ii) – (d)
Answer: (B)

36. Prince Siddhatha’s father was
(A) Prasenajita
(B) Shre ika
(C) Bimbisara
(D) Suddhodana
Answer: (D)

37. The first sermon of the Buddha was delivered at
(A) Sarnath (Varanashi)
(B) Uruvela
(C) Lumbini
(D) Bodhgaya
Answer: (A)

38. The first Buddhist Council was held during the period of the king
(A) Ashoka
(B) Ajatashatru
(C) Bimbisara
(D) Kanishka
Answer: (A)

39. The text which is not included in the Tripitaka is
(A) The Dighanikaya
(B) The Majjhimanikaya
(C) The Visuddhimagga
(D) The Samyuttanikaya
Answer: (C)

40. What is the supreme aim of Buddhism?
(A) Attainment of Wisdom
(B) Practicing of Meditation
(C) Purification of Mind
(D) Attainment of Salvation

Answer: (B)

41. Identify the place of Buddhist Art.
(A) Mount Abu
(B) Saranath
(C) Delhi
(D) Ahmedabad
Answer: (B)

42. This is known as historical text of Buddhism.
(A) Jataka
(B) Suttapitaka
(C) Vi uddhimagga
(D) Mahavavamsa
Answer: (D)

43. This text is not included in the Tripitakas
(A) Dighanikaya
(B) Milindapa~nha
(C) Dhammasa gahi i
(D) Yamaka
Answer: (B)

44. Zen Buddhism is found in
(A) Tibet
(B) Japan
(C) Thailand
(D) Korea
Answer: (B)

45. Jataka tales are engraved in
(A) Vidisa
(B) Ajanta Caves
(C) Sanchi
(D) Bodha-Gaya
Answer: (C)

46. Total number of the Apostles of Jesus
(A) Ten
(B) Nine
(C) Twelve
(D) Eight
Answer: (C)

47. The first book of Bible
(A) Exodus
(B) Leviticus
(C) Numbers
(D) Genesis
Answer: (D)

48. Apostle of the Indian Church
(A) St. Jude
(B) St. Peter
(C) St. Thomas
(D) St. John
Answer: (C)

49. The parable of the Good Samaritan is in the Gospel of
(A) Matthew
(B) Mark
(C) Luke
(D) John
Answer: (C)

50. Contemporary Indian Christian Theology appreciates
(A) Religious Pluralism
(B) Religious Uniformity
(C) Religious Triumphalism
(D) Religious Fundamentalism
Answer: (A)

51. Match the following and identify the correct choice:
List – I                                                List – II
(a) Easter                                             (i) Holy Spirit
(b) Christmas                                       (ii) Mother Mary
(c) Assumption                                    (iii) Resurrection of Jesus
(d) Pentecost                                       (iv) Birth of Jesus
      (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(B) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
(C) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(D) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
Answer: (B)

52. Identify the first four Ecumenical Councils in the Church.
(A) Ephesus, Chalcedon, Constantinople, Nicaea
(B) Lateran, Lyons, Vatican I, Vatican II
(C) Constance, Lateran, Constantinople, Ephesus
(D) Nicaea, Constantinople, Ephesus, Chalcedon
Answer: (D)

53. Beginning of the Lutheran Church in India is at
(A) Madurai
(B) Mumbai
(C) Bangalore
(D) Tranquebar
Answer: (D)

54. St. Paul is known as the
(A) First Christian Philosopher
(B) First Jewish Philosopher
(C) First Latin Theologian
(D) First Christian Theologian
Answer: (D)

55. Original Sin is mentioned in
(A) Exodus
(B) Leviticus
(C) Numbers
(D) Genesis
Answer: (D)

56. Sang-i-Asbad is placed in
(A) Jerusalem
(B) Medina
(C) Kaaba
(D) Karbala
Answer: (C)

57. Prophet Muhammad received revelation through
(A) Abu Baqr
(B) Gabraiel
(C) Israel
(D) Abu Talib
Answer: (B)

58. Which one is not correctly matched?www.netugc.in
(A) Sahih Bukhari – Hadith
(B) Beduin – Arab
(C) Al Biruni – Kitab-al-Hind
(D) Surah al Fatiha – Jews
Answer: (D)

59. Muslims do not believe in
I. Day of Judgement
II. Shirk
III. Quran
IV. Rebirth
(A) I and II are correct.
(B) II and IV are correct.
(C) IV and I are correct.
(D) I and III are correct.
Answer: (B)

60. Identify the correct match:
(A) Mutazilites – School of Shariat
(B) Muharram – Muslim month of Pilgrimage
(C) Caliphs al Rashidun – First four Caliphs
(D) Dar-ul- Uloom – Aligarh
Answer: (C)

61. Hal in Sufism relates to
(A) Individual efforts
(B) State of mind
(C) Fear of God
(D) Shariat
Answer: (B)

62. Arrange the following in chronological order:
I. Dara Shikoh
II. Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya
III. Mian Mir
IV. Shaikh Farid
(A) IV, II, III, I
(B) II, III, I, IV
(C) II, IV, III, I
(D) III, I, II, IV
Answer: (C)

63. Dar-ul-Ulum is situated at
(A) Aligarh
(B) Azamgarh
(C) Lucknow
(D) Deoband
Answer: (D)

64. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is famous for
(A) Creation of Bangladesh.
(B) Exposition of Quran.
(C) Wahabi Movement.
(D) Jihad against the Kafirs.
Answer: (B)

65. Ibn Sina was famous as
(A) An Exponent of Shariat
(B) A Musician
(C) Atheist
(D) A Mystic-Scientist
Answer: (D)

66. In order to preach his mission Guru Nanak set off from
(A) Amritsar
(B) Kartarpur
(C) Sultanpur Lodhi
(D) Achal Batala
Answer: (C)

67. Ten Gurus One Spirit means
(A) Ten Sikh Gurus are spiritually different
(B) Theology of Sikh Gurus is different from one and another.
(C) Ten Sikh Gurus carry the same spirit.
(D) God appears in the form of a Guru.
Answer: (C)

68. The Sikh Scripture does not contain the writings of
I. Bhagat Kabir
II. Jaidev
III. Mira Bai
IV. Dadu Dayal
(A) I and III are correct
(B) II and III are correct
(C) I and II are correct
(D) III and IV are correct
Answer: (D)

69. Which one is not correctly matched?
(A) Bhai Nand Lal – Tankhah Nama
(B) Giani Dit Singh – Khalsa Akhbar
(C) Bhai Ghaniya – Udasi
(D) Baba Dayal – Nirankari
Answer: (C)

70. Rahitnama literature deals with
(A) Collection of Bani
(B) Sikh Code of Conduct
(C) Knowledge of Music
(D) Exposition of Gurbani
Answer: (B)

71. Identify the correct chronological order in which they appeared.www.netugc.in
(A) Gur Sobha, Puratan Janamsakhi, Zafarnama, Vansawalinama
(B) Vansawalinama, Zafarnama, Puratan Janamsakhi, Gur Sobha
(C) Zafarnama, Gur Sobha, Vansawalinama, Puratan Janamsakhi
(D) Puratan Janamsakhi, Zafarnama, Gur Sobha, Vansawalinama
Answer: (D)

72. Guru Gobind Singh’s mission was to
(A) Oppose the Muslims
(B) Help the Hill-chiefs
(C) Protect the Righteous
(D) Destroy the Temples
Answer: (C)

73. The Sikhs do not believe in
I. Ancestor Worship
II. Guru Granth-Guru Panth
III. Avtarvad
IV. Degh Tegh Fateh
(A) I and III are correct.
(B) III and IV are correct.
(C) II and III are correct.
(D) II and IV are correct.
Answer: (A)

74. Women in Sikhism are
(A) Despised
(B) Honoured
(C) Worshipped
(D) Humiliated
Answer: (B)

75. Sikh Diaspora is very strong in
I. Canada
II. Pakistan
III. Thailand
IV. England
(A) I and II are correct.
(B) III and IV are correct.
(C) II and III are correct.
(D) I and IV are correct.

Answer: (D)